The Concept of God in Hinduism and Islam

Do You Know?

The much awaited dialogue by Dr. Zakir Naik and Sri Sri Ravi Shankar on the topic.

The Concept of God in Hinduism and Islam

zn-ssrs-1

In The Light Of Sacred Scriptures

Took place in Bangalore in front of a jam packed crowd of about 50000, at the Palace Grounds on 21st Jan 2006.

Date : January 21, 2006.

IN BRIEF

Dr Zakir Naik : I started my talk by quoting a Verse from the glorious Qur’an from Surah Al-Imraan Chapter #3 Verse #64 which says : Qul ya ahla alkitabi (say oh people of the Book) taAAalawila kalimatin sawa-in baynana wabaynakum (come to common terms as in us and you) which is the first term? allanaAAbuda illa Allaha (that you worship none but Allah, Almighty God) wala nushrika bihishay-an (that we associate no partners with him) wala yattakhitha baAAdunabaAAdan arbaban min dooni Allahi (that we erect not among ourselves Lords and Patrons other than Allah) faintawallaw (if they turn back)faqooloo ishhadoo (say you bear witness) bi-anna muslimoona (that we are Muslims bowing our will to Allah Almighty God).

zn-ssrs-2

Dr. Zakir Naik addresses the gathering.

This Verse of the glorious Qur’an though it particularly speaks to the ahle kithaab, the Jews and Christians, it is meant for all different types of people, it says “taAAalawila kalimatin sawa-in baynana wabaynakum.” (come to common terms as with us and you) which is the first term? allanaAAbuda illa Allaha (that you worship none but God Almighty) wala nushrika bihishay-an (that we associate no partners with him).

It is not appropriate to try and understand a religion or to try and understand the concept of God in a religion, by observing the followers of that religion; because many a times the followers of that religion, they themselves may not be aware about the religion or the concept of God in the religion; neither it is appropriate to observe or look at the traditions or the cultures of the followers of the religion because many of the cultures and traditions may not be part of the religion.

The best and the most authentic way to understand any religion or the concept of God in a religion is to try and understand what the sacred scriptures have to speak about that religion or the concept of God in that religion.

Let us understand what is the meaning of the words Hinduism and Islam.

The word Hindu has geographical significance and was used to describe the people living beyond the river Sindhu or people living in the land watered by river Indus. Most of the historians, they say, that this word Hindu was first used by the Arabs. Some historians say it was used by the Persians when they came to India through the north western passes of Himalaya. According to encyclopedia of religion and ethics, Volume #6, Reference #699, it says that the word Hindu was not found in any of the Indian literature before the advent of the Muslims to India. According to Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, he writes in his Book “the discovery of India” on page #74 and #75 that the word Hindu can be earliest traced to a source a tantrik in 8th century and it was used initially to describe the people, it was never used to describe religion. Its connection with religion is of late occurrence according to Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. The word Hinduism is derived from the word Hindu. The word Hinduism was first used by the English writers in the 19th century to describe the multiplicity of faiths of the people of India. According to new Encyclopedia Britannica, Volume #20, Reference #581, it says the word Hinduism was first used by the British writers in the year 1830 to describe the multiplicity of the faiths of the people of India excluding the converted Christians. That is the reason today, majority of the Hindu scholars they say that the word Hinduism is a misnomer. The correct word should be Sanatan Dharm, the eternal religion or the Vedic Dharm, the religion of the Vedas. According to Swami Vivekananda, he says the word Hindu is a misnomer; the correct word should
be a Vendantist, a person who follows the Vedas.

The word Islam comes from the root Arabic word salam, which means peace. It is also derived from the Arabic word silm, which means to submit your will to Almighty God. In short, Islam means peace acquired by submitting your will to Almighty God and this word Islam occurs in several places in the Qur’an and the Sahih Hadith including in the Qur’an in Surah Al-Imraan, Chapter #3 Verse #19 and Surah Al- Imraan Chapter #3 Verse #85. Any person who acquires peace by submitting his will to Almighty God, to Allah, he is called as a Muslim and this word Muslim also occurs in several places in the Qur’an and the Sahih Hadith including in the Qur’an in Surah Al-Imraan Chapter #3 Verse #64 and Surah Fussilat Chapter #41 and Verse #33.

Many people have misconception that Islam is a new religion, which came into existence 1400 years ago and Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was the founder of this religion. In fact, Islam is there since time immemorial. Since man set foot on the earth, and Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is not the founder of this religion but he is the last and final messenger sent by Almighty God, the last and final Prophet.

If we ask the common Hindu that how many Gods does he believe in? Some may say 3, some may say 100, some may say 1000, while others may say 33 crores, 330 millions. But if you ask a learned Hindu who is well Versed with his Hindu scriptures, he will tell you that in Hinduism you should believe and worship only one God. But the common Hindu, he believes in a philosophy known as pantheism, everything is God. The common Hindu believes that the tree is God, the sun is God, the moon is God, the human being is God, the snake is God. What we Muslims believe is everything is God’s, everything belongs to God’s, ‘G’ ‘O’ ‘D’ with an apostrophe ‘s’; the tree belongs to God, the sun belongs to God, the moon belongs to God, the human being belongs to God, the snake belongs to God. So the major difference between the common Hindu and the common Muslim is that the common Hindu says everything are Gods, we Muslim say everything is God’s.

Let us try and understand what would the sacred scriptures of Hinduism have to speak about Almighty God.

It is mentioned in the Chandogya Upanishad Chapter #6, Section #2, Verse #1; ekam evaditiyam God is only one without a second. It is a Sanskrit quotation. “I know that I am speaking in front of a great scholar of Vedas Sri Sri Ravi Shankar I am just a student. So if my Sanskrit pronunciation is a bit poor, I would like to apologize. He is a great scholar of the Veda, I am just a student of Islamic comparative religion as well a student of the Hindu scriptures and the Vedas.

It is mentioned in Swethaswethara Upanishad, Chapter #6, Verse #9, Na casya kasuj janita na cadhipah, which means of him of Almighty God, there are no parents they have got no lord. Almighty God has no true father, he has no true mother, he has no true superior.

It is mentioned in the Swethaswethara Upanishad; Chapter #4, Verse #19 Na Tasya Pratima Asti of that God there is no Prathima, there is no likeness, there is no image, there is no picture, there is no photograph, there is no sculpture, there is no statue.

It is mentioned in Swethaswethara Upanishad; Chapter #4, Verse #20; no one can see the Almighty God and it is further mentioned in Bhagwat Gita Chapter #7, Verse #20; all those whose intelligence has been stolen by material desires, they worship many Gods. Some of the translation says that all those whose intelligence has been stolen by material desires, they worship idols and this quotation is also mentioned by Sri Sri Ravi Shankar in his Book “Hinduism and Islam the common thread” in the section of not worshiping other Gods on page #3. He gives the quotation but does not give the reference. The reference is Bhagwat Gita Chapter #7 Verse #20.

It is further mentioned in Bhagwat Gita Chapter #10 Verse #3, that they know me as the unborn not begotten, the supreme lord of the world. Amongst all the Hindu scriptures, the most sacred are the Vedas.

It is mentioned in Yajur-Ved Chapter #32, Verse #3 Na Tasya Pratima Asti of that God there is no Prathima. Prathima as I said, means likeness, image, picture, photo, sculpture, statue.

It is further mentioned in Yajur-Ved Chapter #40 Verse #8 Almighty God is imageless and pure.

It is further mentioned in Yajur-Ved Chapter #40 Verse #9 Andhatma pravishanti ye asambhuti mupaste. Andhatma means darkness,pravishanti means entering, and Asambhuti means the natural things like fire, water, air. They are entering darkness those who worship the natural things like fire, water, air, etc and the Verse continues, they are entering more in darkness those who worship the Sambhuti. The Sambhuti are the created things like tables, chairs, etc; who says that? Yajur-Ved Chapter #40 Verse #9.

It is further mentioned in Atharva-Ved Book #20 Hymn #58 Manthra #3 Dev maha osi verily great is Almighty God; and amongst the Vedas, the most sacred is the Rig-Ved.

It is mentioned in the Rig-Ved Book #1, Hymn #164, Manthra #46, ekkam sat vipra bhuda vidyante Truth is one, God is one, sages call him by various names. God is one but the saintly people call him by many names and there are no less than 33 names given to Almighty God in Rig-Ved Book #2 Hymn #1 alone. One of them is Brahma. The Brahma is called as the creator. If you translate creator into Arabic, it means khaaliq. We Muslims have got no objection if someone says that Almighty God is khaaliq or Creator, but if someone says this Almighty God has got 4 heads and on each head is a crown, you are giving an image to Almighty God. We Muslims take strong exception to it. More over, you are going against Swethaswethara Upanishad Chapter #4 Verse #19 which says Na Tasya Pratima Asti, of that God there are no images.

The other name given to Almighty God in Rig-Ved, Book #2, Hymn #1, Verse #3 is Vishnu. Vishnu is called as the God who is the sustainer. If you translate Sustainer into Arabic, it is somewhat similar to Rabb. We Muslims have got no objection if someone calls Almighty God as Rabb or Sustainer, but if someone says he is Almighty God who has got 4 hands and giving an image to Almighty God, in one hand is the lotus, the second hand is the conch, traveling on the sea on the bed of snakes, we Muslims take strong objection to it. Moreover you are going against the Yajur-Ved, Chapter #32, Verse #3 which says Na Tasya Pratima Asti of that God there is no prathima. There is no likeness, there is no image, there is no picture, there is no statue, no sculpture. It is further mentioned in Rig-Ved Book #8, Hymn #1, Manthra #1 Ma chitanidi sansad worship him alone, one God, praise him alone. It is mentioned in Rig-Ved, Book #6, Hymn #45 Manthra #16, praise him alone, worship that one God and the Brahma Sutra of Hinduism is dvitiya naste neh na naste kinchan Bhagwan ek hi hai doosra nahi hai, nahi hai, nahi hai, zara bhi nahi hai. There is only one God not a second one, not at all, not at all, not in the least bit. So, if you read the Hindu scriptures, you shall understand the concept of God in Hinduism in the light of the sacred scriptures.

Let us understand the concept of God in Islam.

The best reply anyone can give you from the scriptures is quote to you Surah Ikhlaas, Chapter #112 Verse # 1 to 4 which says Qul Hu-wallaahu Ahad (say he is Allah one and only) Allaahus-Samad (Allah the absolute and eternal) Lam yalid, wa lam yuulad (he begets not nor is he begotten) walum yakul-la-Huu kufu-wan ahad (there is nothing like him). This is a 4-line definition of Allah subhaanawa thaala, of Almighty God given in the Qur’an. If any person says so and so candidate is God, if that candidate fits in this 4- line definition, we Muslims have got no objection in accepting that candidate as God. The first is Qul Huwallaahu Ahad (say he is Allah one and only) God is only one without a second. ekam evaditiyam Chandogya Upanishad Chapter #6, section #2, Verse #1. The second is Allaahus- Samad (Allah the absolute and eternal) same as Bhagwat Gita Chapter #10 Verse #3, they know me as unborn not begotten without a beginning, supreme Lord of the world. The third test is Lam yalid, wa lam yuulad (he begets not nor is he begotten) same as Swethaswethara Upanishad Chapter #6 Verse #9 Na casya kasuj janita na cadhipah of him there are no parents, no lords. Almighty God has got no mother, has got no father, he has got no superior. The fourth test is walum yakul-la-Huu kufu-wan ahad (there is nothing like him). Swethaswethara Upanishad Chapter #4, Verse #19, Yajur-Ved Chapter #32 Verse #3 Na Tasya Pratima Asti of that God there is no prathima, there is no likeness, there is no image, there is no picture, there is no statue. If any person says so and so candidate is God, if that candidate fits in these 4-line definition which we discussed of the Qur’an and the Hindu sacred scriptures, I have got no objection accepting that candidate as God.

We Muslims, we prefer calling Allah with the Arabic word Allah instead of the English word God because a person can play mischief with the English word God. But when any Muslim is speaking to the non Muslim, who may not understand the meaning of Allah and uses the English word God like what I am doing today, I have got no objection but I would like to mention that God is not the appropriate translation of the Arabic word Allah and this word Allah is mentioned in the scriptures of all the major world religions including Hinduism.

It is mentioned in Rig-Ved Book #2, Hymn #1, Verse #11, one of the names of God is given as Allah. Allah is also mentioned in Rig-Ved, Book #3, Hymn #30 Manthra #10 and also in Rig-Ved Book #9, Hymn #67, Manthra #30, there is a separate Upanishad by the name of AllOpanishad which is also mentioned in one of the books of Sri Sri Ravi Shankar a separate Upanishad, that is AllOpanishad.

This was in brief regarding the concept of God in Islam according to the sacred scriptures of Islam.

Sri Sri Ravi Shankar ACCEPTS MISTAKES in his BOOK “Hinduism and Islam – The Common Thread”

I know there are mistakes in that book. I have told before also; this book was printed in an emergency, in urgency, when there was riots in Gujarat. I wanted this book to immediately go. I did not go to big scholars because I do not know much about Quran. I MYSELF NOT A BIG SCHOLAR.

zn-ssrs-3

Sri Sri Ravi Shankar.

Sources:

http://www.thetruecall.com
Various Webpages.

Advertisements

The URI to TrackBack this entry is: https://doyoukno.wordpress.com/2009/02/24/the-concept-of-god-in-hinduism-and-islam/trackback/

RSS feed for comments on this post.

37 CommentsLeave a comment

  1. Just passing by.Btw, your website have great content!

  2. i m listening the speechs of Dr. Zakir Naik n r really very good for spiritual health.

  3. Dr. Zakir Naik is a one of Allah best creation,(Al-hamdulillah). His speeches are great, I am listening and looking his video in the internet. His Al-Quran and Al-Hadees explainations are perfect to every Muslim and non-muslims.I lern the Islam better from his videos than in Sri lanka. Now I can explain to non-muslims in Germany about Al-Quran and Bibel at every time in their own language. Thanks to Allah for you.please give us more video about Quran and Bibel knowledge in the future.Allahu Akbar.

  4. Hi viewers i like dr zakir naik
    may allah (swt) give him long life Amin

  5. I am impressed by the deep knowledge Dr possesses, I am sure going to tell this to my Hindu friends

  6. yes Dr. Zakir Naik is a one of Allah best creation,(Al-hamdulillah). His speeches are great, I am watching every day peace tv. his explainations are perfect to not only for non-muslims but for every Muslim like me,
    iam living in chad africa,we will be pleased, and we are praying Allah, if allah send him to africa to preach us 2times a year Allahu Akbar.

  7. i hav bin keeping in touch with ur findings from the glorious qur’an n others,with my frens of other communities….i m a person who loves u very much…

  8. Asalam-o-alaikum Dr.Zakir Naik SIR,
    I m listening your speachs and i m really like ur speaches i m impressed by all of ur speaches and vast knowledge May Allah Bless You Amin

  9. Fantastic..

  10. assalamu alaikkum dr.zakir naik, please give more knowledge to all people. allahu akbar.

  11. Assalamualikum Dr,
    i m very proud of you that we Muslims are blesed with the great person like YOU who has done great for elimanating the rubbish image about Islam and Muslims…MAY ALMIGHTY ALLAH BLESSED YOU WITH IMMORTAL SUCCESS AND HAPPPY..AND KEEPING TRAVELLING OU YOUR JOURNEY

  12. THIS IS TO U(READERS) THAT THIS BLOG DOES NOT BELONGS TO DR. ZAKIR NAIK.. IT BELONGS TO ME. I AM THE WRITER. I GATHER TRUE INFORMATIONS ON ISLAM AND PUBLISH IT IN THIS BLOG..

    • Brother Maan,
      This is a great work, collecting and spreading true message of Islam, May Alhah bless you and guide you.
      Please link to my blog too.

      • im very proud of dr.Zakir naik i have many
        important questoins from him but idont know
        how to link with him.

  13. i love very much bcz i have gote more knowladge to watch your video

  14. I want to download the concept of God in Hinduism and Islam.

  15. frist asalamu alaykum i am a muslim believer and i live in ethiopia specialy in the town which called dire dawa
    i would like to appreciate the islamic channel (IRF) and i say alham dulilaah it’s the first islamic channel which presented by english this not only for muslim(ummah) believer but also for non-muslim(christian) and finally i would like to conclude my comment by stating that ALLAH(s.w) will helps you insha’allah keep with this way
    aslamu alaykum!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  16. allah unhe bahut lambi umar ata kare aur isi tarah hamesha islam ke paigam ko pure duniya mein bat te rahe

  17. Asalam-o-alaikum Dr.Zakir Naik sahib

  18. Asalam-o-alaikum Dr.Zakir Naik sahib. You are my favourite personality

  19. Asalamalaikum zakir sahab i have not got any words to say for you but your a Deen Dayee and with your davat First Muslims and after everybody understand what is the consept of islam .
    I hope you and we’ll be success to give islamic Dawat to Awam every body

    Hasan mohammed
    k.s.a

  20. Assalamu alaikum, Just want to appreciate the Godly work you people are doing and also I want to kindly request an uptodate in every of your publications via the above stated Email address. Ma’assalam.

  21. peace tv sirf cable ke zarye hi arahahai lehaza ab cable ka dour khatam hutajaraha hai es liye app se ilteza hai ke app bhi peace chennel ko kisi setalites ky zarye publised kijiye

    md muneeb press reporter sedam

  22. asalaamu alaikum i would like to say thanks and i ll pray for u forever do well

  23. main galib husain from bareilly, student of ims engineering college[gzb]b.tech 1st year [electronics& cammunication] main zakir sir ki books padkar kafi efective hua aur main kahna chahta hun ki islam jab se dunya create hui hai tabhi se sabse achchha mazhab rha hai aur rhega asslamualekum zakir sir ko allah aur taufeek farmae

  24. Allah has blessed Muslims & others with Mr. Dr. Zakir Naik who is true follower of Ahmed Deedat. May you (Dr.Sahib) Live long. I am very very happy with your services and i request you never to worry about so called ‘Fatwas’ from ignorant and obscurantist Mullas with vested interests.

  25. Dear Zakir sir,

    I realy appriciate your knowledge and the Islamic history ,truth,knowledge passing to the world .may allah protect you from the enimy of islam .i always keep waching your islamic channels.

    regards
    rafeeque kappadathil

  26. DR Zakir
    thank u for doing such a great work.u are a gift
    of GOD to all muslims and non muslims.whole human
    kind can know the truth ,if they want to.may Allah
    bless u and bless all muslims.

  27. after i watch this video i have converted to islam thank you so much to sir dr zakir naik and i love him much more thna anyone else in the world to show enlighhten to the truth …

  28. dear Dr zakir ,you are a person given from the almighty God (allah) for this century .

    regards
    yassin

  29. I just can’t stop listening to our great

    dr Zakir Naik.I really learn lot every time I listen

    to.May allah give you a long life for us to be

    enlightend by you. assalaam alaikum

  30. i only pray dr zakir that may allah bless him and wish he will live a long life.
    i live in pakistan,karachi

  31. Every one knows Islam is the only religion which gives the correct concept of Allah and Life. But non-muslims resume this by saying our ancestors were non-muslims that’swhy they donot accept Islam.But i happy that Zakir naik is refreshing the minds of everyone with the help of Quran, which is the best book in the world.
    SO it;’s my humble request t o zakir Naik that remain continue your work.
    Thanks
    Muhammad Hussain I live in Multan Pakistan

  32. assalaamu alaikkum,,sab..
    may allah allways bless you…

  33. Dr zakir naik.may God bless you,you have done well toward our clarification and understanding the true religioun of God.

  34. Al-humdulillah. ALLAH (SWT) said. Al QURAN: [sura Al-Isra: 17: 81 ”And say: Truth has (now) arrived, and Falsehood perished: for Falsehood is (by its nature) bound to perish.” I belief that, there lucture gave us a perfect concept between Hinduism and ISLAM. Thinks for Dr. Zakir Naik and thanks for Sri sri Ravi Shankar for gave his valuable time. And my point of view, Every muslim should learn QURAN and give Dawah to others riligion which don’t know about ISLAM. JajakALLAH Khiron..

  35. This piece of writing is truly a fastidious one
    it helps new internet users, who are wishing in favor of
    blogging.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: